What is Botany?


Botany is a word from Greek language. It means “herb”. The word botany as a study regarding plants was used mainly because in early times the study of plant life dealt mainly with plants as
Food.

According to Brittanica, Botany is a branch of biology that deals with the study of plants, including their structure, properties, and biochemical processes. Also included are plant classification and the study of plant diseases and of interactions with the environment. The principles and findings of botany have provided the base for such applied sciences as agriculture, horticulture, and forestry.

The first people to specialize in the study of botany were primitive medicine men and witch doctors. They had to know the plants that could kill or cure people. And botany was closely linked with medicine for hundreds of years.


In the sixteenth century, people began to observe plants and write books about their observations. These writers were the "fathers of modern botany. In the nineteenth century, the work of an English scientist, Charles Darwin, helped botanists gain a better understanding of how plants, as well as animals, evolved from simpler ancestors.

His work led botanists to set up special branches of botany. One of these branches is "plant anatomy", which has to do with the structure of plants and how they might be related. Experiments on plant heredity were performed to find out how various species came to be and how they could be improved. This study is called "genetics".

"Ecology", another branch of botany, deals with studies of the distribution of plants throughout the world, to find out why certain species grow in certain places. "Paleobotany", another branch, works
out plant evolution from the evidence of fossil remains.

Other branches of botany include "plant physiology", which studies the way plants breathe and make food, and plant pathology", which is concerned with the study of plant diseases.

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