How does a Coconut Grow?

The coconut is the fruit of the coconut palm tree. The husk of the coconut is there so that the inner seed, or nut, will be chusioned when it fall to the ground. This nut about 8 to 20 centimetres long. Just inside the hard, dark shell is a layer of dense, white meat the centre of the coconut is filled with a watery liquid which is called "coconut milk".

If you have ever seen a coconut, you have noticed is has tree "eyes", which are really undeveloped buds. When a coconut is planted in the ground in its husk, a new sprout pushes trhough one of the eyes.

And if a new palm begins to grow it takes about eight years before it bears any fruit. A mature coconut palm flower throughout the year and almost always has a few ripe nuts. It may take a nut a year or more to mature, depending on the place and the kind it is. A palm produces an average of 50 nuts a year.

The coconut palm grows from 6 to 27 metres high and has a truft of long,  feathery leaves at the top. A leaf may be 3 to 6 metres long. Coconuts can be grown at elevations as high as 900 metress above sea level, but they are usually planted at lower elevations.

An unusual thing about this tree is that it can live in salt water , but is does not require salt water. The palm grows near the sea because its shallow roots can find moisture there. The husk of the coconut is not harmed by salt water either. Which means that if a coconut falls into the sea it can be carried a long way and take root on some far-away beach.

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