What is Archaeology?

Archaeology give us the story of the people who lived in the past. Archaeologists study the object these early people left behind. There are two parts to archaeological work. Each part requires special training. The first part is "excavating", or digging up the places where early people lived or worked. This is a job that must be done slowly and carefully. It includes keeping records of the work done.

The second part is the studying of everything that is dug up, and of describing all these things so clearly that the information can be understood and used by anyone interested in the past. When both jobs are finished, the archaeologist can write the story of the people. The story of the people.

The story is never quite complete, for it is based only on the things left behind by a people. Most often these are the objects that were used each day. The remains of houses, tools, jewellery, dishes and other containers, and toys are often discovered; bones of animals used for food are also found.



Many of the things the early people threw away will not be found by archaeologist. For example, objects that were made of leather, wood, cloth, wool, or straw are not likely to remain. These materials decay. And we may never know if the people were artistic, because lovely weaving and we may never know if the people were artistic, because lovely weaving and handsome woodwork may also be lost.

Archaeology began when people became curious about what happened in earlier times. In the fifth century B.C., a Greek historian, Herodotus, Visited Egypt and was interested in the ancient monuments. But after the times of the ancient Greeks, this kind of curiosity seemed to have died. In the 1500’s travelers to Greece and Italy began to take an interest in the ancient monuments they saw there.

The Italians began to poke among the ruins.  They found coins, vases, and other objects. Soon more and more people became interested in ‘’digging up the past’’, and the science of archaelogy was on its way.

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