Who were Cave Men?

Early man, living thousands of years ago, made caves and rock shelters his home in fact, some of the earliest cave dwellers did not even look like people living today. These were the Neanderthal people. Their brains were as large as modern man’s but they had rugged faces with heavy ridges over their eyes. They were only a little over five feet in height and could not stand as straight as people do today.

These "cave men", or cave dwellers, were not good housekeepers. Anything they did not want, they left on the floor of the cave. Over thousands of years this mass of rubbish piled up and sometimes filled the caves. The caves were large, dark, and frightening. The people lived in the mouth of the cave, where they were protected from wind, rain, and snow without going into the darkness deep in the cave.

During the last part of the Ice Age, Cro-Magnon men, people who looked much like people living today, started to move into Europe. Like the Neanderthals before them, they lived in the mouths of caves. But there were not enough caves for everyone, so some made tents and underground houses to live in. these are the men who made the famous cave paintings found in southern France and northwestern Spain.


These paintings are quite remarkable. They are full of life and power, and show many of the animals these cave dwellers hunted, such as the bison the bear, the wild boar, the mammoth, and the Rhinoceros. 

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