How do Pigeons Find Their Way Home?

The ability of certain birds to fly great distance and arrive “home”, or at their destination, is one of the most remarkable things in nature. Do you know that carrier, or homing, pigeons were used to carry messages as long as 2,000 years ago by the ancient Romans?

And even now, when modern armies have all kinds of wonderful equipment for transmitting messages, they still train homing pigeons for use in those situations when other methods of communication fail!

Many scientists have studied this amazing ability of birds, but no one yet has the full answer. One theory, which is better known than the others, is that pigeons use the sun to help them find direction.

As you know, there morning, high at noon, and then low again. But some scientists believe a pigeon can see which path the sun will follow through the sky, and can figure out direction from this.

It seems almost impossible to believe but so far no one has offered a better explanation. Not all birds, or even all pigeons, can do this. In fact, there are 289 different kinds of pigeons and doves, and they vary quite a bit.

Some kinds of pigeons like to live and travel alone; others are always found in flocks. Some feed and live mainly on the ground. But most kinds live in forested areas and build their nests among the tree branches.  

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