What is the Cabinet?

When a question on an important issue is due to come before the House of Commons, the attention of all is focused on the group of men who occupy the front benches to the right of the Speaker of the House.

These men, as leaders of the majority party in the House of Commons, will propose the government policy. The Cabinet has been defined by Walter Bagehot as “the link that binds together the legislative and the Executive branches”.

Briefly, the Cabinet consists of the Prime Minister and a group of senior Ministers who take collective responsibillity for the Government’s actions and proposals. Its is really a steering committee of the Government party.    

The Ministers of the Crown Act 1937 estabilished that seventeen, not more Than fifteen should be members of the House of Commons. Although the figures often vary, the principle remains unchanged.

Under the modern system of government it is to the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, rather than to the monarch, that the people of the country look for guidance and direction. The Queen may do very little Without the approval of her ministers; her hole in government is largely nominal.

The British system of responsible Cabinet Government has been adopted by Canada, Australia and New Zealand, and also by many Eroupean countries. In the United states, There are twelve cabinet departements in the executive branch of the government.

Each has a secretary, who is appointed by the President, With the approval of the Senate. The secretaries acts as his advisers on matters that concern their respective departements.     

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