What is Civilization ?

Man has followed a path towards what we consider to be “civilization”. At first, of course, in the earliest stages, man lived somewhat like the animals. He had no language, ate food where he found it, and had no home.

Then, at the first stage of savagery, he learned to make fire and to eat fish. He later learned to make crude tools and to hunt and protect himself, and the families joined intro tribes. Then even later, he learned how to make pottery to cook and carry food.

But the was still in the age of savagery. The next step was what is a called barbarism. Man learned how to plant seeds to raise his food, and he began to the animals for his use. Then, later he learned how to use metals such as copper and iron so he could make weapons and hunt better. And he also began to built houses.


Man was in the final or last stages of barbarism when he invented the most important thing to bring him civilization. This was writing. At that time, his first kind of writing was writing in pictures, but in time this developed into writing with an alphabet.

The reason that the invention of writing really marked the beginning of civilization is that it enabled man to keep records of past happenings - and so man could read of and profit by the experience of others.

During all this time, man was also learning how to live by certain rules - in other words, by government. And with that came ideas of right and wrong, so that man lived by certain morals.
When did all this take a place? It started with the very first days of man’s life on earth and led up to the first stages of civilization about 5,000 or 6,000 years ago.

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