What was the First Land Animal?

Not everybody accepts the theory of evolutions ; but according to those who do, animal life (which includes fish, birds and insects) began more than 500, 000, 000 years ago, after the earth’s surface had cooled and the oceans were formed.

Most scientists believe that there was life in the sea before there was any living thing on land. The land had no life for the next 160, 000, 000 years.

Then strange, fishlike creatures began to come out of the oceans on to the land. At first their movement were very awkward because they had no legs. They had to use their fins like feet for a long time.

After many generations, their fins became legs and feet. While these changes were taking place, the animals still laid their eggs and hatched their young in the water.

These walking creatures, whose ancestors were fish-like, developed into “amphibians” (cold-blooded animals that live part of their lives on land after hatching from eggs laid in the water).

In time, some of the early amphibians no longer laid their eggs in the water. When this happened, the amphibians became “reptiles” (cold-blooded animals that reproduce by laying their eggs on land).

Reptiles ruled the earth for more than 100,000,000 years. Some of the reptiles developed feathers on their bodies, and their forelimbs became wings. In time they learned to flay, and birds came into being. Birds’ feathers are the result of changes that took place in the reptile scales.

Other reptiles ceased to lay eggs and became mammal-lke animals that gave birt to their young. They also became warm-blooded and the developed into the true mammals.

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