Who was Pyhtagoras?


Ancient Greece produced many great men, one of the most interesting of them was a man called Pythagoras, who lived in the sixth century B.C. Pythagoras was a religious teacher, a mathematician, and a philosopher but because of the ideas and beliefs, he had to leave Greece and setlte in Southern Italy. Was were some of those unusual beliefs he had? Phytagoras believed in immortality and the “transmigration of the soul”.

This means that after death, any soul which did not go to heaven then occupied the body of another man, or even and animal. Because he believed this, hi prohibited his followers from eating or sacrificing animals.

The followers of phytagoras were called “Pythagoreans”, and they observed many other strict rules of conducts. For instance, they had to observe silence and they could drink no wine.

Of course, we may think that some of his ideas were rather foolish, but Pythagoras also made many important contributions to knowledge. He discovered that the length of a musical stiring is in exact numerical relation to the pitch of its tone.

From this he developed a theory of harmony and the belief that number was the first principle of the whole universe. Pyhtagoreans also had a theory of the solar system which was nearly correct. They believed that earth was a sphere revolving around a central fire.

Pythagoras also taught the theorem that “the square of the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle equals the sum of the square of the other two sides”. 

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