Who were the Viking?



About 1,200 years age there was a group of people, the Norsemen, who came from the coastal regions of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. Their name “viking” was probably taken from the viks, or sounds, of their home region. The vikings were great sailors and adventure.

They were strong and study, with blue eyes and fair hair. At a time when the rest of Europe was terrified to sail the sea, the vikings were great explorers and traders. They preferred conquest and adventures to a life of quiet safety.

In A.D. 793 the vikings made their first attack on the English coast. From that the time and through the eleventh century, they raided the coasts of Western and Eastern Europe. They plundered England, Ireland, France and Spain.

They even journeyed as far south as Algiers.  Vikings discovered islands to the west of Greenland and a portion of the North American continent, which called Vinland. A colony  was attempted at Vinland and settlers remained on the continent for three years.

The Norsemen had a civilization of their own. Viking ships, carriages, household dishes, and ornaments has been discovered in their graves. There many iron deposits in viking lands and the Norsemen became skilled workers in this metal.

The vikings were originally pagans. Odin and Thor were their chief gods. According to viking beliefs, the goals lived in a place called Valhalla, and heroes died in battle ware welcomed there. And also had a literature of “sagas”, stories which were about life among the kings, chieftains, and common people.

The Norsemen had a good system of law based on fairness and sportsmanship. It is even believed that the jury system we have today can be traced back to the ancient Norsemen.

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