Why is the Census Taken?



The taking of a census by a government is as old as the custom of collecting takes and raising armies. In early times, the ruler’s object in taking a census was to discover how many people he could send to the wars or how much money he could get.

Since the people suffered from the census, they did all and in their power to make it incorrect. In most countries, fairly simple questions are asked in a census the age of the people living in a house, the relationship of this people, their birthplaces and nationality, their jobs and for whom they work.

Some questions ask about date of marriage and number of children. Figures about agriculture may also be included, such as acres of land and kinds of livestock owned. After all the information is gathered, the figures are totaled and separated according to sections or classes.

They then become available and helpful to government. For example, a total of age groups can be useful to the government for planing how many schools will be needed at a certain time, or in estimating future costs of pensions.

The census shows whether the populations is increasing or decreasing. It shows the movement of population to be the city or the country. It reveals whether social conditions are improving or growing worse.

It tells which industries are advancing and which are slowing up.Where politicians are elected on the basis of the population, a census helps decide the number of representatives from each section. It helps the government in making laws and it helps business, social, and economic interest in conducting theirs affairs and making their plans.

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