Who Started Vaccination?

One day in the year 1768, a young milkmaid attended a Gloucestershire doctor’s surgery for advice. Smallpox, the dreaded scourge of the country at that time, was mentioned in the waiting -room conversation, and the milkmaid remarked that see could not catch it, as she had already had cowpox, a disease with symptoms similar to those of smallpox though in very much milder form.

The importance of her remark did not escape the attention of Edward Jenner, a young medical student who was present. The idea occupied his mind constantly during the completion of his medical studies in London.

After qualifying, he returned in 1773 to practice medicine in his native village in Gloucestershire, and devoted his spare time in the milkmaid had been right: those people who had cowpox very rarely caught smallpox.


In 1796, he made his first experiments, with the purpose of giving people a light dose of cowpox in order to ensure their subsequent protection from the horrible plague of smallpox. In 1798, he made his first really crucial test.

Four children who had been inoculated with cowpox were now inoculated with smallpox. To this great Joy, not one of them caught the dreaded disease. he had made the great discovery of vaccination, which today has almost completely wiped out this then frequently fatal disease.
Vaccination at the first had many opponents, but eventually its value became so firmly established that vaccination for foreigners entering nearly al civilized countries is now compulsory.

Vaccination at first had many opponents, but eventually its value became so firmly established that vaccination for foreigners entering nearly all civilized countries is now compulsory. Vaccination is available to everyone in this country, and it is usually first performed when a child is about fifteen months old.

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