How did Trial by Jury Begin?

To us, the right to trial by jury is one of man’s most sacred and natural right. But it took man a long time to reach the point where was recognized. When the Normans conquered England in 1066, They started a kind of jury.

But the men on a jury were not there to listen as witnesses. They were supposed to decide a case on the basis of their own knowledge of the facts. It was not until the reign of Henry II in the twelfth century that a big change was made.

It was decided that the jury must decide a case solely on the evidence heard in court. And this, of course, is the whole basis of the trial by jury system we have today. Twelve members of the trial by jury system we have today.


Twelve members of the trial jury listen to the evidence given by witnesses, to the arguments of the lawyers, and to the instructions of the judge. They then retire to a room to decide on their verdict. There seems to be no special reason why the number of jurors is 12, simply that Henry II in 1166 so decided and that it has been that way since.

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