When did People Settle in Canada?

The Canadian people are made up of different national stocks and races. The first known inhabitants of the country were the Indians. It is believed the Indians crossed into this continent across the Bering Strait and Sea from eastern Asia at least 10,000 years ago.

When Europeans First explored the country, Indian bands were living in most of the forested areas. There were only a few Indians in the province near the Atlantic Ocean. The second group of people to enter Canada were only a few Indians in the provinces near the Atlantic Ocean.

The second group of people to enter Canada were the Eskimos. They crossed the Bering Strait from Asia less than 3,000 years ago. There are few records of their early movements the First white settlers in Canada were the French.


They came in greatest numbers to Quebec, but also to Nova Scotia, where the cleared farms on the southern side of the Bay of Fundy. The French built their citadel at Quebec city, where the St. Lawrence River narrows, and carved farms out of the forests in the territory.

By the time of the British conquest in 1763, there were about 60,000 French in Canada, living chiefly between Quebec and Montreal. There were not many British in Canada until the American Revolutionary War drove large numbers northward.

Throughout the nineteenth century, thousands, of British immigrants came to Canada. The descendants of these peoples from England, Scotland, and Ireland now make up about half the population. Around the turn of the century, immigrants came in increasing numbers from Europe, and the largest numbers came from Central and Eastern Europe-Germans, Czechs, Poles, Rumanians, Ukrainians.

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