South Africa

The Republic of South Africa is located at the southernmost tip of the African continent. It has a population of around 23 million people. The white people who came and settled there first were the Dutch. They arrived there in 1652. 

After 1814, many British people also settled in this country. 

Until 1961, South Africa was a member of the British Commonwealth. And in 1961, South Africa gained their independence.

South Africa is a country that rich with minerals and was the main producer of diamonds, gold, and also uranium. This country was also one of the most important industrial countries. They produces steel, chemicals, and other industrial goods.

Around 70% of South Africa's population are black people. The rest are partly white (European), people of mixed color and Asians. 

According to South African laws, white people and black people must live separately. This law is called apartheid, which means separation.

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